the art or pastime
Embroidery floss or stranded cotton is a loosely twisted, slightly glossy 6-strand thread, usually of cotton but also manufactured in silk, linen, and rayon. Cotton floss is the standard thread for cross-stitch. Extremely shiny rayon floss is characteristic of Brazilian embroidery. Historically, stranded silk embroidery threads were described as sleaved or sleided in the sixteenth century
Filoselle is a historical term for embroidery floss made using the leftover waste from reeled silk
Matte embroidery cotton or French coton à broder is a matte-finish (not glossy) twisted 5-ply thread.
Medici or broder medici is a fine, light-weight wool thread formerly manufactured by DMC Group.
Perle cotton, pearl cotton, or French coton perlé is an S-twisted, 2-ply thread with high sheen, sold in five sizes or weights (No. 3, 5, 8, 12 and 16 (Finca), with 3 being the heaviest and 16 the finest).
Persian yarn is a loosely twisted 3-strand yarn of wool or acrylic, often used for needlepoint.
Tapestry yarn or tapestry wool is a tightly twisted 4-ply yarn.